In aeronautics, the use of materials is multiple. From aluminum to steel or titanium, fiberglass, wood or even plastic, there are many uses. In the case of private aviation, this phenomenon is identical or even more extensive because of the aesthetic aspect, which is even more important. The evolution in this field, takes us into the design and discovery of new materials, those very materials that over the years provide better weather resistance, better comfort and involves a significant weight loss associated with increasing the speed for aircraft, constantly seeking performance. Today, thanks to the expertise of M&R associates design, we are discovering the evolution of materials used in private aviation.
The use of aluminum, an essential material in aviation
First of all, it is important to underline that the use of materials in the construction of aircraft is chosen to combine strength and great lightness. Thus, at the beginning of the 20th century, aeronautics turned to wood as the material of choice for the construction of its aircraft structures. But quickly, aluminum was favored over wood, which was too heavy. During the first part of the 20th century, engineers focused on reducing the weight of the materials used in aircraft. Thus, aluminum alloys were selected for the manufacture of the first aircraft airframes. Indeed, these alloys are easy to machine, corrosion-resistant but above all lightweight.
The emergence of composite materials
In the 1970s, a major innovation in aviation emerged with the introduction and use of composite materials. As a definition, composite materials are a more complex family of materials. They combine two distinct materials to obtain a combination of properties that take advantage of both. Indeed, composite materials have remarkable qualities with exceptional strength and rigidity that are superior to even the best steels, and they are very light. These composite materials represent a real revolution in aeronautics and especially in private aviation because they make it easier to install comfort and entertainment equipment on board. With a reduced aircraft weight, it is possible to integrate more aesthetic or entertaining elements.
Technological progress in favor of innovative materials
Over the past few years, the evolution of aviation has continued to progress. And with the growing development of technologies, materials are also making spectacular progress. From the use of composite and carbon fibers, the aircraft becomes lighter and more resistant. The business jet is now able to reach high speeds by combining lightness, speed and luxury thanks to the materials it is made of.